Miscarriage: Expert Discloses Preventive Measures

by Temitope Obayendo

Fertility Specialists at different times have implicated among other factors, Chromosomal Abnormalities, as a leading cause of  pregnancy miscarriages around the globe. According to Dr. Bryan Cowan, MD, chair of the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, “chromosomal mismatch accounts for 60 % of this challenge in women”. Then to overcome this condition, he has outlined various precautions women can follow.Get the detail after the cut…..

Chromosome tests (done through blood and/or tissue samples): In case of recurrent miscarriages from two times above, he advised you take the blood tissue/sample for laboratory test for proper diagnosis, to avert the condition.

Uterine Abnormalities and Incompetent Cervixes:

The good news is that, “Uterine septum can be corrected with surgery,” says Dr. Cowan. And if you have an incompetent cervix, your physician will put a stitch in the cervix to keep it closed, a procedure called a
cerclage. You may also require bed rest or hospitalization for part of your pregnancy.
Immunologic Disorders: 
 If this relates to you, the expert, Dr. Scher says he is still experimenting on this condition while he has achieved some successes.He however advised the use of  Aspirin, heparin (a blood thinner) and certain steroids

Diabetes: Lifestyle changes is essential in this situation in what you eat and your habits.Ask your health care givers for more aids.

Hope you got some insights?  Like us on SM Handles: BBM PIN: 7AB75B3C, Twitter: @topsyoba, FB: Temitope Obayendo, LinkedIn: Temitope Obayendo
 Why it Leads to Miscarriage

Thyroid conditions and uncontrolled diabetes are both associated with “unfavorable” uterine environments. “The effects of these conditions make it difficult for the embryo to survive,” explains Dr. Scher.
What You Can Do
Make the lifestyle changes your doctor recommends, and follow any recommended treatment regiments to get your diabetes under control. Thyroid conditions can usually be corrected with medication.
Miscarriage Cause:  Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Why it Leads to Miscarriage
“This is now an emerging cause of recurrent miscarriage,” says Dr. Scher. Women with PCOS have too-high levels of the male hormone testosterone which, among other things, causes irregular ovulation and
menstruation. “Even in women who don’t have diabetes, PCOS causes insulin resistance, which prevents the endometrial lining from maturing properly,” explains Dr. Scher. He estimates that between 5 and 10 percent of reproductive-age women have PCOS.
What You Can Do
Treatment with oral antidiabetic drugs, such as metformin (Glucophage), has been successful in reducing miscarriage in women with PCOS.
Miscarriage Cause: Bacterial Infections
Why They Cause Miscarriage
Many micro-organisms live harmlessly—even helpfully—in the male and female reproductive tracts. But certain bacteria can cause problems, including an increased risk of miscarriage. Two in particular—mycoplasma hominis and ureaplasma urealyticum—live in the genital tracts of healthy men and women, but can raise the risk of miscarriage. In women, infection with these bacteria can inflame the endometrium (the lining of the uterus), making it impossible for an embryo to develop. “There are no symptoms, however, so the only way you know if you or your partner is carrying the organism is to be tested,” says Dr. Scher.
What You Can Do
These infections can usually be easily treated with antibiotics.
Miscarriage Cause:  Lifestyle (Cigarettes, Alcohol, Drugs, Environmental Toxins)
Why They Lead to Miscarriage
“Nicotine crosses the placenta and interferes with blood supply and fetal growth,” says Dr. Scher. Smokers have twice the rate of miscarriage as nonsmokers. Drinking more than two alcoholic beverages a day is also associated with miscarriage, he says, and it goes without saying—but he says it anyway—that using recreational drugs when you’re attempting to get pregnant (or during pregnancy) is foolish. Finally, women who work in certain environments—including farms, operating rooms, dental offices and hospital laboratories—have a higher rate of miscarriage for unknown reasons.
What You Can Do
“Give up all deleterious habits before you try to become pregnant,” says Dr. Lerner, “and you increase your odds of enjoying a successful pregnancy.” If you’re worried that your workplace may not be healthy for you, tell your doctor about your concerns, and check with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at www.epa.gov.
Signs of a Miscarriage
In early pregnancy, spotting is normal, but if you experience menstrual-like cramps or severe abdominal pain and bleeding, you may be experiencing a miscarriage and should call your health care provider. She may decide to do an exam to check your cervix; if it’s dilated, a miscarriage is likely. If you have had an early miscarriage, chances are you won’t require any medical treatment, but in some cases you’ll need a procedure called a dilation and curettage (D&C) to remove the embryonic tissue.
What Causes Miscarriage?
The medical term for a miscarriage is spontaneous abortion, but the condition is not an abortion in the common definition of that term.
The causes of miscarriage are not well understood. Most of the miscarriages that occur in the first trimester of pregnancy are caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the baby. Chromosomes are tiny structures inside the cells of the body which carry many genes. Genes determine all of a person’s physical attributes, such as sex, hair and eye color, and blood type. Most chromosomal problems occur by chance and are not
related to the mother’s or father’s health.

Blood tests to detect hormone imbalances pelvic and uterine exams ultrasounds


You may also like

Leave a Reply